OK, we cut a bad deal 20 years ago and it’s time to fix it.
Kids are still factoring polynomials and that’s just dumb. Requiring every student to pass a course on regurgitated symbol manipulation (Algebra 2) is torturous for many students and why some dropout. It’s an inequitable barrier to college and careers.
“The tragedy of high school math,” said venture investor and education advocate Ted Dintersmith (who has a Ph.D. in math modeling), “is that less than 20% of adults ever use algebra. No adult in America still does integrals and derivatives by hand – the calculus that blocks so many from career paths. It remains in the curriculum because it’s easy to test, not important to learn.”
The rise of the information age began ratcheting up labor market skill requirements. The mantra was A Nation At Risk. States responded in the early 1990s by developing new higher academic standards. More math, science and English credits were added to state graduation requirements.
By the late nineties, many of us advocated for ‘all kids college ready’ in an equity-focused policy push. Some of us knew it was a bad idea to try to push more kids through Algebra 2, but we not only did that, but we also added other “21st century” aspirations. We took the old definition of “college ready” and piled on.
Common Core was a chance to fix the problem with “fewer, higher, better standards.” But the mathematicians love the historical path to calculus and couldn’t let go of Algebra 2, the pinnacle of polynomial gymnastics. Probability and statistics and some finance were added. The standards were somewhat better but not fewer.
The problem is thorny, as Dintersmith points out, because Algebra 2 is embedded in some state graduation requirements and many college entrance exams, “requiring mastery of obscure algebraic procedures that the vast majority of adults never use.”
New New Math
With cameras and sensors everywhere, the Internet of Things exploded in this decade. Giant data sets and cheap cloud computing, fed the rise of artificial intelligence and, in the last two years, every field has become computational.
Now, rather than the plug and crank of symbol manipulation, we should be teaching computational thinking. As mathematician Conrad Wolfram said, we should be teaching math as if computers existed.
Rather than a separate symbol language, Wolfram argues, math should be taught as computational thinking and integrated across the curriculum. That starts with problem finding–spotting big tough problems worth working on. Next comes understanding the problems and valuables associated–that’s algebraic reasoning. But rather than focusing on computation (including factoring those nasty polynomials), students should be building data sets and using computers to do what they’re good at–calculations.
A little coding can be useful to set up big tough problems. A basic coding class or two can be helpful in this regard. The new approach, exhibited at Olin College and signaled by the launch of the Schwartzman school at MIT, is just-in-time coding, a computational resource available across the curriculum–learn the right coding to apply the right tools at the right time to solve the right problem.
South Fayette School District in Pittsburgh is a great example of incorporating computational thinking across the curriculum. Next door in the Montour School District, middle school students learn how and when to apply artificial intelligence tools.
To fix the problem, states that require Algebra 2 should swap it out for a course in coding and computational thinking. Colleges and college entrance exams should drop Algebra 2 requirements. They should start by asking young people about their contributions to solving big problems.
By the way, I loved math. I’m an engineer with a masters in finance. I’ve built a lot of real estate and invested a lot of money, but I haven’t factored a polynomial in 40 years. It’s time to stop torturing kids by making them factor polynomials. It’s time to stop using Algebra 2 as a screen that keeps low-income kids out of meaningful careers. It’s time to start using computers for what they’re good at—crunching big data sets. Let’s stop asking young people to manipulate symbols and start asking them to solve real problems.
For more, see:
- New School Formula: Harder Problems and Fewer Answers
- Organizing Your School as a List of Courses Doesn’t Work for Learners
- What Happens When We Do School Better?
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This post was originally published on Forbes.