Here’s a good quick read: Rethinking Education in the Age of Technology: The Digital Revolution and Schooling in America (Teachers College, 2009), Allan Collins & Richard Halverson.  Doug’s post on three evolutions reminded me of chapter 6 of Rethinking: The Three Eras of Education.  With some additions here’s a summary of the current industrial-era education, what was before, and what’s next.

Factor From To To
Responsibility Parents State Individuals/parents
Expectations Social reproduction Success for all Individual choice
Expectations Practical sills Disciplinary knowledge Learning how to learn
Content Books Textbook Learning objects
Pedagogy Apprenticeship Didacticism Interaction
Assessment Observation Testing Embedded assessment
Location Home School Anywhere
Culture Adult culture Peer culture Mixed-age culture
Relationships Personal bonds Authority figures Computer-mediated interaction
Grouping Mixed-age Age cohorts Individual progress
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Tom Vander Ark is author of Difference Making at the Heart of Learning, The Power of Place, Better Together, Smart Parents, Smart Cities and Getting Smart. He is co-founder of Getting Smart and serves on the boards of Education Board Partners, 4.0 Schools, Digital Learning Institute, Latinx Education Collaborative, Mastery Transcript Consortium and eduInnovation. Follow Tom on Twitter, @tvanderark.

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