Bots & Big Cities: What Do They Mean for Our Kids?
Megacities are shaping life on planet earth. The opportunity to visit schools in southeast Asia this month made visible a new fact: the majority of our seven billion cohabitants now live in cities.
Harvard’s Ed Glaeser argues that cities are the world’s greatest inventions, bringing productivity and opportunity to billions. People all over the world are leaving farmland and flocking to cities where they see more opportunity and a stronger safety net.
Author Parag Khanna notes that growth is concentrating into 50 sprawling metro areas. He argues that increasingly connections between these megacities are more important than the borders that separate them.
Singapore (below) is now the third most important financial capital in the world. The rise of this 50 year old island republic–a remarkable example of a diverse high functioning, moderately authoritarian, commercial center–symbolizes the global tilt to the east.
This month Facebook added chat bots to Messenger. When you buy something on the web you probably interact with what appears to be an attractive and helpful person–that’s a chatbot, a narrow early application of artificial intelligence powered by a machine learning algorithm that gets smarter over time. It’s just one of nine ways machine learning is improving your life.
IBM is spending a fortune advertising its artificial intelligence engine Watson. Maybe you’ve seen Ken Jennings discussing how Watson kicked his ass on Jeopardy or Bob Dylan discussing co-authoring a song with spinning orb.
These narrow AI applications are not just for big business. This month Google made machine learning tools available making it easy to “build accurate, large scale machine learning models in a short amount of time.”
Last fall I outlined 8 ways machine learning will improve education. In a new paper, Intelligence Unleashed, Pearson called AI, “the engine behind much ‘smart’ EdTech,” as well as a powerful tool providing “deeper, and more fine-grained understandings of how learning actually happens.”
In his new book, UW’s Pedro Domingos said it’s the new switchboard for universities, the new infrastructure for everything. AI is quickly becoming part of our everyday lives. It’s getting better faster than most people appreciate and will have a much more disruptive influence over life and work in the next 20 years.
Techcrunch columnist Jon Evans argues this not job destruction, but job atomization –tech makes it easier to partition, subdivide, and outsource parts of jobs leading to the replacement of long-term, full-time work with benefits, and a career path, with occasional, short-term contract gigs without benefits or any escalating career structure.
Sam Altman, Y Combinator, told Freakonomics that the change was coming fast and may warrant fundamental changes in our social safety net:
I think there’s a sense that technological job destruction is accelerating more than people outside of Silicon Valley realize. And I think this is mostly narrow applications of A.I., but it’s going happen for lots of other reasons. So every time we’ve had a major societal revolution of some sort — we had the Agricultural Revolution, we had the Industrial Revolution — where anytime you have a significant fraction of human jobs get eliminated in a relatively short period of time, eventually humans do figure out new things to do. But there’s quite a lot of disruption while they’re happening. And so I think people in Silicon Valley are saying, “Man, there are going to be incredible changes in the next few decades. What can we do to make that as smooth as possible?” I do think that as we, as a society, get richer and richer, there should be some sort of floor for everybody. And in a way, basic income is sort of the libertarian approach to doing this, right? It’s actually healthy for a society if some people get incredibly rich. But there should be a floor below which we as a society don’t allow people to fall.
Reactions to this freelance man-machine future will range from giddily wonderful or terrifying horror according to Jon Evans who, like Altman, concludes that it may warrant a universal basic income.
Preparation for a Complex World
What do megacities and smart machines have in common? They are two of the megatrends shaping the world our kids will inherit. Add climate change to exponential technology and globalization and you have a dauntingly complex unpredictably dynamic futurescape.
There are three youth development implications of the emerging landscape:
- Innovation Mindset. As our opening chapter in Smart Cities discussed, the starting point is an innovation mindset: effort, initiative, and collaboration are key to making a contribution. Developing a growth mindset, learning the basics of entrepreneurship, and working effectively in teams should be a priority in secondary and tertiary education.
- Project Management. A third of the US workforce is part of the freelance economy. Young people that land good jobs with organizations are also likely to do most of their work in projects–it’s a project-based world. Learning how to frame, sell, launch, staff, and manage a project from inception to a professional product and presentation is a new basic skill.
- Deep Work. Cal Newport argues that the ability in a distracting world to do “deep work,” to add value by locking in on complex problem, is the new killer app.
While these implications may be new, powerful sustained adult relationships remain the most important ingredient of youth development. Last week we saw three great examples of “values first” secondary schools in Denver that use an advisory period and a strong culture to support development of habits of success and an innovation mindset.
“We know our students really well,” said Brent Poppleton, dean of the senior academy at DSST Stapleton, flagship of a top performing STEM network. The network also promotes deep work by supporting a culminating project and associated research thesis–a great example of the deep work Cal Newport advocates.
Students at Grant Beacon Middle School receive weekly feedback on five character strengths weekly in classes and advisory. The blended school model features an hour of extended learning opportunities where students explore an area of interest.
In a freshman design class, students at Denver School of Innovation and Sustainable Design conduct empathy research to understand user experience. The DSISD vision is “to empower all students to own their learning, shape their dreams, and create a better world.”
These Denver schools appreciate that mindsets matter, that habits of success and project management skills are part of preparing for life with bots in big cities.
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So how can this work in my 3rd grade classroom when we are given little to no training or relevant curriculum. We have so many children who lack basic needs they struggle to focus or engage no matter what teachers do. I pay out of my own pocket for programs my students use on their net books, just so I can differentiate as much as I can for my varied reading and math levels. I dream of a classroom that you speak of in your article, but I'm not sure how it is going to ever happen when greed and mismanagement rule in school districts and local school boards. Teachers are on the front lines and theories and studies and all the projections are overwhelming to me because I just can't see how I can make things better when faced with all the deficits. How can you help? How can we start really start working together? You we're just here in San Diego, but I didn't hear of you meeting with teachers in elementary schools. Did I miss that email from my district? The largest one in San Diego? You need input from us. From me. From my kids. I'm trying to even get my students to high school. High school is too late for a growing percentage of our students. You need to help me here...with the little guys! Can you take some time this week and think about an 8 year old? Can you think about how you could help me help them? Thanks for caring enough to put your thoughts and ideas out here for others to read, consider and criticize. You are brave to do so. Respectfully, Teresa Dalton, MEd. Third Grade Teacher, Gage Elementary.
Tom Vander Ark
Hi Teresa, sorry you're discouraged about progress at your school. I suggest you talk to principal Burns about the progress you'd like to see. Take her to visit Thrive Public Schools, which I visited this week and see how an elementary with lower funding than your school can provide an innovative and supportive K-8 program. Your district has a great tech officer, Dr. Greg K. Ottinger, that would also be a great resource.
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