This week I spoke with two groups planning to attack the employability problem–one in the U.S. and one in Africa. Both cite recent stats that 40% of recent grads are unemployed–in both places.
So, who owns the problem? Is it a government problem, a higher ed problem, a consumer problem, or an employer problem? To some extent, it’s all of the above. The high level of unemployment is a complicated mixture of economic malaises, a big technical skills gap, and weak basic employability among a large percentage of recent grads.
Companies desperately need more job ready employees. The roughly 3 million unfilled technical jobs suggests that there is a big technical skills gap. The best examples of folks filling the technical skills gap include:
The university most plugged in to this need (that I’ve seen lately) is Milwaukee School of Engineering: An Example of Education for Employability. A job placement rate of 95%, high even for an engineering schools, reflects the MSOE commitment to active and applied learning connected to active job clusters. Like the best community colleges, MSOE has industry advisory groups for each degree program that help create high relevance, produce internships, and create prepared graduates.
Career Path High, opening next month in Utah, will allow students to earn a high school diploma, job certification in a technical field, and college credit up to an AA degree. Located at a top notch applied technical school north of Salt Lake
A recent Business Council survey confirms that CEOs Want Hard-Working Decision-Making Team Players. The priority on soft skills (what Conley calls metacognative skills) is clear. Interestingly, work ethic is the clear winner. The next four priorities describe the setting–teamwork, decision making, critical thinking, and computer literacy. Some of high schools are doing great work on the ‘metaskills’ include:
Summit Denali will be an engaging student-centered high school. The Summit team is measuring habits of success and work experiences as well as academic progress toward college and career readiness.
DSST, Great Hearts, and Eagle Prep are all committed to The Missing Core of K-12 –character development rooted in a sense of purpose. They graduate self-motivated students that produce high quality work product.
Some community colleges promote work experiences that may boost grit and work ethic but I don’t know of any baccalaureate programs that incorporate these core work readiness skills into their mission.
Solutions. Entrepreneurs thinking about employability solutions can consider three entry points:
Consumer. Work readiness bootcamps like Fullbridge are a better-late-than-never solution. A work-ready certificate could boost a college grads market signaling efforts.
Corporate. Many companies provide internship opportunities to give young people some work experience and test drive potential hires (and get some free help); but it’s a bad racket–kids hate working for free and companies think it’s a big hassle. Improving internships for kids and companies would be big win.
Secondary & PostSec. Most high schools and colleges could do a better job of building employability skills–and use it as a differentiator.
College degrees are generally inadequate job preparation. They are losing market signaling value–especially in dynamic job clusters. There is entrepreneurial opportunity in boosting employability and improved market signaling.